Matrusri is the top hospital for PCOS treatment in Hyderabad. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a hormonal disorder that mostly affects women of reproductive age. The condition triggers the production of male hormones higher than normal.
A special department at Matrusri Hospital treats women with reproductive disorders, including Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). It’s a hormonal disorder problem affecting 1 in 10 women.
A common misconception is that PCOS and PCOD are the same things. They are two different conditions sharing some similarities. In PCOD, hormone imbalances lead to the release of immature, partially matured eggs, which pile up and develop into cysts.
While PCOS is an endocrine system disorder and much more severe, this condition causes the ovaries to produce excessive androgen (male hormones), causing the eggs to not mature or release from the ovaries. Eventually, these eggs turn into cysts and attach to the ovaries.
Symptoms of PCOS
Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs in many women, but most do not know they have the condition. Some studies indicate that 60 to 70 percent of women having this condition remain undiagnosed. Polycystic ovary syndrome causes abnormal ovulation and is a major reason for infertility.
Women usually begin experiencing symptoms of PCOS during their first menstrual cycle. In some cases, PCOS develops because of weight gain, showing different symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS problems include:
- Inconsistent menstrual cycle
- Excess androgen production
- The polycystic ovaries
Women with PCOS are more than 50% more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. Other signs & symptoms of the condition include:
- Bleeding heavily
- Oily skin or acne
- Hair loss & excessive facial hair
- Abnormal periods or absence of periods
- Difficulty getting pregnant and other fertility issues
- Dark patches on the skin of the neck, groin, and under the breast lining
In addition to these symptoms, PCOS can also result in pelvic pain, mood swings, stress or anxiety, reduced sexual desire, tiredness, high BP etc.
Causes of PCOS
Generally, hormonal changes are considered the major cause of PCOS. However, it is not the only cause of this condition; some other factors may contribute as well. Exactly what causes PCOS has yet to be determined. PCOS is linked to risk factors such as family history (hereditary), insulin resistance or excessive insulin production and inflammation, both of which tend to produce excess androgen in the body.
According to researchers, PCOS has been linked to stress and environmental factors like improper diet, exercise, and pollution.
Managing PCOS at Matrusri Hospital
Despite the fact that PCOS can’t be cured permanently, treatment is available for managing it effectively. An imbalance in hormones and an irregular menstrual cycle can adversely affect fertility and pregnancy in women with PCOS. Dr. Susumitha, one of the top gynaecologists in Hyderabad, can help you to overcome PCOS.
She says some simple lifestyle modifications like diet changes and regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and a healthy lifestyle can actually reduce the effects of PCOS in many women. It is strongly recommended to eat a low-carb diet and to exercise for at least 30 minutes per day.
If ovulation is infrequent even after following a healthy lifestyle, certain drugs may be prescribed. In addition, if a woman wants to become pregnant with PCOS, IVF treatment can help them.
Surgical Treatment For PCOS:
When all nonsurgical options fail to manage this PCOS condition, some surgical options like laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) for triggering ovulation and, in severe cases, oophorectomy or hysterectomy can help to treat the condition.
Dr. Susmitha Reddy, Obstetrics & Gynecologist at Matrusri hospital says that medication for PCOS should be taken only on the advice of a doctor. This is because incorrect medication or the wrong dosage might cause pregnancy problems or result in congenital disabilities. It can cause long-term health problems and can prevent pregnancy if one with PCOS does not receive proper treatment. For more details about treatment, make an appointment with Dr. Susmitha, Obstetrics & Gynecology specialist.