Matrusri is one of the best hospitals for Adenomyosis Treatment in Hyderabad. Adenomyosis is a female reproductive system disorder that makes the uterus thicken and enlarge.
Adenomyosis is a painful condition that occurs when the endometrium, the inner uterus lining grows thicker and breaks through the myometrium the outer muscle wall of the uterus. This extra tissue makes the uterus enlarge double or triple in size and results in abnormal uterine bleeding and heavy & painful periods during every menstrual cycle.
One can experience the condition across the entire uterus or in a single spot. The cause of adenomyosis is not clear, but the condition often disappears after menopause. Many treatment options are available at Matrusri Hospital for women who are experiencing severe discomfort due to adenomyosis.
Though adenomyosis is not considered a life-threatening condition, excessive bleeding and frequent pain can decrease the quality of life of a woman.
Symptoms of Adenomyosis
The signs or symptoms of adenomyosis depend on the severity of the condition. One-third of women with this condition don’t have any symptoms while other women might experience mild discomfort to other symptoms as follows:
- Heavy or prolonged bleeding during mensuration
- Painful periods
- Bleeding between periods
- Severe uterine cramps
- Sharp pelvic pain during menstruation (dysmenorrhea)
- Painful sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
- Painful bowel movements
An enlarged and tender uterus. Women might don’t know if the uterus grows bigger but they may feel tenderness or pressure in their lower abdomen.
Causes of adenomyosis
Researchers are working to find the exact cause of adenomyosis. Many theories have been proposed to define the cause which include:
- Invasive tissue growth – Injury or damage to the uterus during a cesarean or other surgery, may lead to adenomyosis.
- Developmental disorders – Adenomyosis might be a birth defect
- Uterine inflammation
Regardless of how it developed, the growth of adenomyosis depends on the level of circulating estrogen in the body.
This condition is often observed in middle-aged (40s & 50s) women and women who have had multiple pregnancies. Research also demonstrates that women who have previously undergone uterine surgery are also at higher risk of developing adenomyosis.
Adenomyosis is typically diagnosed based on signs & symptoms and with the help of tests that include a pelvic exam, ultrasound, imaging scans like MRI and biopsy.
Treatment for adenomyosis
There is no need for treatment if a woman does not have discomfort or is not trying to conceive. But if adenomyosis causes severe discomfort or prevents pregnancy, it has to be treated. This condition can be treated in a number of ways:
- Anti-inflammatory medications or NSAIDs can help to relieve pain and discomfort.
- Hormonal medications like birth control pills, progestin IUD’s (intrauterine device) and Depo-Provera injections can relieve the symptoms.
False or temporary menopause can be induced with the help of these medications. These are used only for short periods of time and long-term use of these products is not recommended.
Uterine artery embolization
This procedure involves the injection of small particles into the adenomyosis area by inserting a tube into one of the major arteries located in the groin. The blood supply will be cut off to the affected area, which reduces symptoms and shrinks adenomyosis.
Adenomyosis can be treated permanently by removing the uterus completely. But for women who are still trying to conceive, this may not be a good option.
Adenomyosis mostly affects those who have given birth at least once. Infertility treatments might also help to treat the condition. Dr. Susmitha, one of the top Gynecologists in Hyderabad says that there is an increased risk of miscarriage and premature birth if the condition is not treated. To know more about treatment options, consult the doctor right away.