Matrusri is one of the best hospitals for dysmenorrhea treatment in Hyderabad. Dysmenorrhea is a female reproductive system disorder associated with monthly periods.
Dysmenorrhea is the medical term used to define the pain associated with menstruation (periods). All women around the world suffer through menstrual cramps or pain for at least 1 to 2 days during every menstrual cycle. Usually, the pain is not severe. But, some women may experience severe pain that prevents them from doing their regular activities for a long period of time.
Dysmenorrhea is categoriSed into two types based on the cause
- Primary dysmenorrhea
- Secondary dysmenorrhea
The term primary dysmenorrhea is characterized as common menstrual cramps in the lower abdomen that occur over and over again (recurrent) just prior to or during menstruation. It is possible to experience mild to severe pain in the lower abdomen and back or thighs. Pain might last 12 to 72 hours, and in addition, you may also experience nausea, fatigue, and diarrhoea.
In primary dysmenorrhoea, it is believed that the uterine muscles contract more strongly than they normally would in order to eliminate the thickened endometrium lining. Blood flow may also be reduced due to contractions, resulting in more pain. As you get older, you may experience less painful menstrual cramps, and if you have a baby, they may cease entirely.
When a woman suffers from problems related to periods due to a disease or an infection in the reproductive organs, then it is referred to as secondary dysmenorrhea. The pain caused by secondary dysmenorrhea in the monthly menstrual cycle occurs early and lasts longer than usual. Women might not experience other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fatigue or diarrhoea. The conditions that can cause painful menstrual cramping include:
- Cervical stenosis
- Fibroids (benign tumours)
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- Sexually transmitted infections (STI)
- Ovarian cysts
- Using an intrauterine device (IUD)
How do women get painful menstrual cramps?
During menstruation, a chemical called prostaglandin is released into the body, and it causes uterine contractions. The uterus is a muscular organ that plays an important role in the growth of the baby. Its muscles contract during your menstruation cycle more strongly. In the case of an excessive contraction of the uterus, the blood vessels near it can become compressed, reducing oxygen supply to the muscles. If a part of the muscle loses oxygen suddenly, you are likely to feel pain.
Treatment For Dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhoea can be caused by various reproductive disorders such as endometriosis or fibroids, so women need to undergo a thorough medical examination to rule out those conditions. The type of medication or remedy prescribed depends on the cause of the dysmenorrhea.
Primary dysmenorrhoea is treated with pain-relieving medications and anti-inflammatory medications. Sometimes heat therapy can also provide relief from pain. Other remedies to relieve symptoms are regular exercise, relaxation techniques, and bed rest during periods.
Treatment for secondary dysmenorrhoea is all about treating the underlying condition. The treatment varies depending on the underlying cause, which may include medication, therapies, surgery or a combination of treatments.
If you are suffering from severe menstrual cramps and want to know more about treatment options, consult Dr. Susmitha, top Obstetrician & Gynaecologist in Hyderabad at Matrusri Hospital.