A contraceptive method is a way to prevent pregnancy. Sexually transmitted diseases can also be prevented with it.

Different Types of Contraceptive Methods

Barrier method

For males and females, there are a variety of barrier methods available to prevent pregnancy; they are:

  • Condoms – Condoms are one of the most commonly used methods for preventing pregnancy and STD’s as well. Condoms are available for both males & females. 
  • Diaphragms – These are small and soft domes that are made from silicone. They are placed inside a woman’s vagina to prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
  • Cervical caps – Often this device is termed as FemCap, which looks like a diaphragm but smaller. It fits over the cervix. It is used along with spermicide.
  • Contraceptive sponges – It contains spermicide and is made of foam. The device can be placed against the cervix around 24 hr before sex.
  • Spermicide – This comes in the form of foam, jelly or cream applied inside the vagina before sex. It contains chemicals that can kill sperm.

Hormonal method

Contraceptive pills or birth control pills are used in this hormonal contraception method to prevent pregnancy. The following hormonal contraception methods are typically used to prevent pregnancy.

  • Progestin-estrogen combination
  • IUDs like copper-T
  • An implant
  • Progestin alone pills
  • An intrauterine device (IUD
  • Injections
  • Vaginal rings
  • Skin patches

The contraceptive pills usually prevent pregnancy by impairing ovulation, thickening cervical mucosa, and blocking sperm from reaching the fallopian tubes, which prevents fertilization.

Natural birth control:

Coitus interruptus: It’s a natural contraception method where the process involves the withdrawal of a man’s penis completely from the vagina just before ejaculating.

Calendar rhythm: By avoiding sex on fertile days, couples can prevent pregnancy. 


Tubectomy- It is also known as tubal sterilization which is a permanent contraception method. This is a surgical process to cut and ligate the fallopian tubes.

Vasectomy – This surgical procedure involves cutting and ligating the tubes that carry sperms.

Emergency Contraceptive:

This method involves taking a pill within 72 hours after having unprotected sex. Often it is referred to as a “morning-after pill.

There are different types of contraception methods, each tailored to the needs of the individual. In addition to preventing pregnancy, some contraceptives can also ease period pain and relieve menstrual cramps. It is very important to choose the right method of contraception.

At Matrusri Hospital, we recommend the most effective method of contraception for the couple who want to delay pregnancy.

There are several factors that will determine which contraceptive method is right for you, including your periods and lifestyle. Some health problems like migraines or being overweight might prevent you from taking particular contraceptives. So take contraceptives only on the doctor’s advice.

To find the right contraception method for you, visit Matrusri Hospital

The choice of the right form of contraception can be difficult since there are so many factors to consider. Speaking with our experienced gynaecologist, Dr. Susmitha Reddy will help you decide which method of contraception is best for you.

During your visit, the doctor will explain the different contraception methods and suggest the right one for you. Consider taking the advice of highly qualified medical professionals concerning factors like:

  • Does the contraceptive have any side effects or risks?
  • When using a contraceptive, is there a chance of getting pregnant?
  • The best and safe way to use a contraceptive.